Abstract Psychobiotics were previously defined as live bacteria (probiotics) which, when ingested, confer mental health benefits through interactions with commensal gut bacteria. We expand this definition to encompass prebiotics, which enhance the growth of beneficial gut bacteria. We review probiotic and prebiotic effects on emotional, cognitive, systemic, and neural variables relevant to health and disease.
Are you someone who always has some sort of digestive issues going on? Chances are you have some degree of low stomach acid, also known as hypochlorhydria. Hypochlorhydria is a condition where the parietal cells of the stomach are not producing the correct amount of stomach acid to properly digest food. The absence of stomach
One condition that is fairly common in my clinic and is starting to get a lot of attention by more practitioners is something called Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (also known as SIBO). SIBO is essentially a subclinical infection of translocated bacteria from the colon to the ileum (distal small intestine). This can cause a wide